Organizations - Organizations Weeks 12 and 13 Chapter 4...

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Organizations Weeks 12 and 13
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Chapter 4 Outline Defining Organizations Organizational Theories Classical Organizational Theories Scientific Management The Administrative Theory of Management Bureaucracy Neoclassical Organizational Theories Human Relations Theories Theory X and Theory Y Feminist Theories and Organizations Cultural Perspective Economics Theory Chaos Theory Contingency Theory Culture-Quality Theories Ecosystems Theories Which Organizational Theory is Best?
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Small groups Choose one person in your group who will discuss an experience with an organization, a recorder to jot down notes from your group’s discussion, and everyone else will contribute their experiences with similar organizations Discuss your role in the organization Explore commonalities and differences experienced with this organization Explore thoughts on the source of these commonalities and variations experienced Large group discussion
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What are organizations? The definition of organizations has four elements: Social Entities Goal Directed Deliberately-structured and coordinated activity systems Linkage to the external environment
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What are organizations? 1. Social Entities Made up of people Dictate expectations and responsibilities Individuals bring own values and personalities
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What are organizations? 1. Goal Directed Specific purpose Organizations must clearly define goals to evaluate achievement
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What are organizations? 1. Deliberately-structured and coordinated activity systems Activity systems = clusters of work activities by designated units/departments Coordination of function enhanced efficiency in attaining goals Structures including policies, hierarchies, and different units working in various ways
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What are organizations? 1. Linkage to the external environment Constant interaction with other systems in the social environment Includes individuals, groups, other organizations, and communities.
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Organizational Theories Ways to conceptualize and understand how organizations function by stressing specific concepts and explaining how these concepts relate to each other. Which aspects should be your focus of attention. In order to work with organizations, evaluate them, and sometimes work to change them, you must understand theories regarding how they operate. Also useful to determine the most effective for specific client situations.
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Classical vs. Neoclassical Theories Classical theories born out of the historical context of the industrial revolution and neoclassical more modern from mid-20 th century. Neoclassical addresses problems and omissions in
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2010 for the course SCWK 175 at San Jose State.

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Organizations - Organizations Weeks 12 and 13 Chapter 4...

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