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Unformatted text preview: JS202: Research Design, Methods and Evaluation Distinction between qualitative and quantitative research Survey research Interviews Qualitative research Flexibility of inquiry Emphasizes understanding Vivid vignettes, accounts of real individuals Long term ethnographic investigation (anthropologist who spends a year in the field) Captures processes that nobody thought to study before unexpected data Quantitative research Collects information using standardized instruments Information is transformed into a series of numerical values Reaches conclusions with confidence Considered more authoritative Develops specific answers Survey research Most predominant method of data collection for quantitative research in criminology whether it's of students, residents, prisoners, children, police officers, correctional officers, etc. Good for attitudinal measures (or SR behavior) Types of survey questions Open ended questions Free responses Difficult to code Provide more detailed answers Closed questions Specific response options Easy to code Easy to answer Uniform responses Types of survey questions Contingency questions Have you x If so, how often... Check all the x that are appropriate Matrix questions Series of questions Likert scale Discuss how-to's and hints Cover letter Clear questions Questions in correct order Pleasant to look at Mailing procedures In person interviews Telephone surveys Make sure that you understand the strengths and weaknesses of each one. ...
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