Week_2_Qual_Interview_1

Week_2_Qual_Interview_1 - SAN JOS STATE UNIVERSITY College...

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SAN JOSÉ STATE UNIVERSITY College of Social Work S. W. 242 Spring 2008 Edward Cohen Week 2: February 1, 2008 Qualitative Research: Observing, Interviewing and Documenting “In the fields of observation, chance favors the prepared mind.” Louis Pasteur (1822-1895) Terms and concepts you should know: Structured interview Semi-structured interview Unstructured interview Informal conversational interview Interview protocol (or guide) Standardized open-ended interview (a.k.a. structured interview) Closed, fixed response interview Thick description Fieldnotes Self reflective comments (respondent’s as well as researcher’s) I. Observing a Setting—How do you start? What do you observe? A. How do you start? In fieldwork and observation, the researcher must consider these issues in planning inquiry: 1. How do you define your site or other unit of observation? 2. What is the role of the observer? a) Level of deception b) How will you discuss your role? c) Researcher’s stance: insider or outsider? Extent of participant observation B. What is it that you wish to observe, the focus of the observation? 1. Person, organization, community, culture, event, or combination of these? 2. Thick (“rich”) description – a way to describe your setting: narrative details about context, physical description of site and participants, expression of emotions & behaviors of participants, spoken content by participants, social relationships of 1
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participants, and the thoughts, opinions and reactions of you. But it’s also a way to organize your approach to observation. ***How can “thick description” be a way to organize your approach to observation?
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Week_2_Qual_Interview_1 - SAN JOS STATE UNIVERSITY College...

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