2010 Mid-term 1 Study Guide

2010 Mid-term 1 Study Guide - Antecedent Consequent...

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Linguistics 21:Language and Thinking Spring 2010 Mid-Term Test 1 Study Guide This test will be in two main parts: definitions and problems. In the definitions sections, you will be asked to define terms such as those below and either provide an example or state its significance in no more than three sentences each. Neurolinguistics Corpus callosum Logical consistency Lateralization Cerebral cortex Practical consistency Contralateral responsibilities Cooperative principle Egocentrism Non-fluent aphasia Conversational maxims Self-interested thinking American Sign Language Fluent aphasia Self-serving bias Conformism Subjectivism Unwarranted assumption Cultural relativism Moral subjectivism Wishful thinking Argument Proposition Premise Conclusion Unsupported assertions Illustrations Conditional statements Explanations Principle of Charity Neuron Longitudinal fissure Broca’s Area Wernicke’s Area Transparent signs Translucent signs Opaque signs Signed English Deductive arguments Inductive arguments Modus ponens Modus tollens
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Unformatted text preview: Antecedent Consequent Categorical Syllogism Validity Soundness Inductive strength Cogent Ambiguity Stipulative definition Persuasive definition Lexical definition Precising definition Ostensive definition Enumerative definition Definition by subclass Etymological definition Synonymous definition Connotation Definition by genus and difference Denotation Emotive language Euphemism Sound symbolism Logical fallacy Fallacy of insufficient evidence Fallacy of relevance Ad hominem Tu Quoque Equivocation Begging the Question Loaded question False alternatives Questionable cause Hasty generalization Slippery slope Weak analogy Inconsistency Entailment Implicature The second section will consist of problem sets of the kind found in the Critical Thinking textbook and that you have been doing as course assignments. The best way to study for this section would be review all of the exercises in the book and bring to class those which you are not sure of....
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