Chap3-Victims&Victimization

Chap3-Victims&Victimization - attacker. Theories of...

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    Chapter 3 Victims & Victimization
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    The Victim’s Role Through early criminology, the victim was largely  ignored or viewed as a passive victim. In the 1960s, the field of Victimology emerged and  found that the victim’s behavior is a critical part of  the crime process. Victimologists also look at the impacts of  victimization on the individual beyond the immediate  result.
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    Victimization’s Toll on Society The NCVS indicates about 24 million  victimizations in the US each year. Economic Loss Abuse by the System Long-Term Stress Fear Antisocial Behavior
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    Theories of Victimization:  Victim Precipitation Theory Victims may initiate the event that leads to their  victimization. Active Precipitation – engaging in behavior that  provokes an attack. Passive Precipitation – exhibiting some personal  characteristic that evokes a response from the 
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Unformatted text preview: attacker. Theories of Victimization: Lifestyle Theories High-Risk Lifestyles College Lifestyle Criminal Lifestyle Theories of Victimization: Deviant Place Theory Areas that are poor, densely populated, highly transient, with commercial and residential areas together have high crime rates. Those that reside in these areas are at greater risk of victimization simply because they live there. Theories of Victimization: Routine Activities Theory Availability of suitable targets Lack of capable guardians Presence of motivated offenders As these three conditions combine and increase, crime becomes more likely Caring for the Victim: Victim Service Programs Victim Compensation Victim Advocates Victim Impact Statements Victim-Offender Reconciliation Programs Mediations between the two parties...
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2010 for the course SOCI 153 at San Jose State University .

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Chap3-Victims&Victimization - attacker. Theories of...

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