dddIntroduction1

dddIntroduction1 - Introduction Introduction Introduction...

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Unformatted text preview: Introduction Introduction Introduction Introduction Tips for scoring an ‘A’: 1. Attend All Classes 2. Read the Assignments on Time 3. Participate in Class Discussion & Work with Others 4. Complete Assignments Thoughtfully 5. Ask Questions & Use My Office Hours 6. Make Sure You Address All Items on Assignments 7. Proofread Your Papers 8. Have Friends Proofread Your Papers 9. Approach this Course as an ‘Experience’ 10. Do Not Give Up! Preliminary Assessment Preliminary Assessment 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. What is sociology? What does a sociologist do? How do sociologists know that what they say is true? How do sociologists generate new knowledge or information? In what ways is sociology a science? What is research? What does a researcher do? What is the point of doing research? How do we know if a researcher has produced accurate information and conclusions? What skills do sociology majors have that employers would like? Sociological Objective Sociological Objective ► Answer Questions ► ► ► Describe social world Generate and test theories to use for explanations and predictions about the social world Use sociological knowledge to guide policies How extensive is illicit immigration? How will people vote? What causes kids to use Tina? Does the “scared straight” program work? What do Sociologists Do? What do Sociologists Do? ► Academic Sociologists: Teaching Service Research ► Academic or Basic ► Applied or Evaluation Describe Social Phenomena Generate and Test Explanations of Social Phenomena (See research circle) Describe Organizational Performance or Processes Test Performance Against Goals The Research Circle: What do Sociologists Do? What do Sociologists Do? ► Academic Sociologists: Teaching Service Research ► Academic or Basic ► Applied or Evaluation Describe Social Phenomena Generate and Test Explanations of Social Phenomena Describe Organizational Performance or Processes Test Performance Against Goals ► Professional or Applied Sociologists Policy—makers, analysts Data Management—collectors, analysts Evaluation Research Management Quantitative vs. Qualitative Quantitative vs. Qualitative ► Qualitative Research ► Quantitative Research Designed to capture social life as participants experience it Emphasis on subjective, meanings Designed to measure social variables, numerically Emphasis on numerical summaries and interrelationship of phenomena Types of Research Descriptive (qualitative or quantitative) Descriptive (qualitative or quantitative) If Quant, Statistics are Usually: Descriptive Researchers simply attempt to describe phenomena among a group or population Exploratory (usually qual, ideo, & inductive) Knowing little about a group, researchers attempt to understand how they get along, what concerns them, and how they define experiences Researchers describe or identify the impact of policies, activities, or programs, typically for clients that must justify their effectiveness Inferential Evaluation (qualitative or quantitative) Explanatory (usually quant, nomo, & deductive) Researchers attempt to identify causal relationships or test theories or predictions What do Sociologists Do? What do Sociologists Do? ► Quantitative research unfolds like the following. We: Are interested in a topic Review literature on that topic Apply for funding or secure resources ► Collect or purchase data. Data collection includes: ► Grant writing includes a literature review, statement of the importance of the workfor the funding person or group, and research design Creation of data collection instruments or design for data gathering, obtaining permission from gatekeepers to approach persons, statement of how humans will be protected submitted to an Institutional Review Board, Review/Revisions with IRB, solicitation and consent by individuals to participate, Implementation of Research Plan. Data collection often takes months and may take years ► What do Sociologists Do? What do Sociologists Do? ► Quantitative research unfolds like the following. We: Prepare and “Clean” the Data Do Statistical Analysis of the Data Write assessments and conclusions given the analysis ► Attempt to publish research articles including anonymous review by outside experts and revisions based on reviews. This process generally takes a year or more. See final publication of the article. (By this time we’re on to other research.) This may include reporting to funding agency ► Statements of new findings (descriptions of phenomena or theories generated) and the results of tests of theories and implications for the prevailing beliefs of the community of sociologists ...
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2010 for the course SOCI 104 at San Jose State.

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