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Unformatted text preview: I I T KG A T COM As the story of King BimbisaR¬° demonstR¬°tes, oRdin¬°RY people weRe not the l¬°YpeRsons with whom the Buddhist mon¬°stic commuNitY in Indi¬° c¬°me in conT¬°c¬Ę. ViRtu¬°llY fRom the st¬°Rt¬£ the s¬°ngh¬° w¬°s ¬°lso conceRned ¬°bout its Rel¬°tionship to one p¬°¬§¬•icul¬°R l¬°YpeRson, the king¬¶ ¬°nd he¬¶ iN tuRn¬ß w¬°s quite inteRested iN the ¬°cTivities of this oRg¬°nized Religious communitY within his dom¬°in¬® We h¬°ve seen th¬°t ¬°ccoRding to legend¬© the Buddh¬° himself w¬°s fRom ¬° RoY¬°l f¬°milY ¬°nd th¬°t he g¬°ve up ¬° c¬°ReeR ¬°s ¬° gRe¬°t univeRs¬°l mon¬°Rch¬£ ¬° c¬°kR¬°v¬°¬§tin king¬™ in oRdeR to le¬°ve home ¬°nd become ¬° Buddh¬°¬ę ¬¨he Buddh¬°'s gRe¬°t dep¬°RtuRe ¬°Nd Religious quest¬£ howeveR¬¶ did not me¬°n th¬°t he dep¬°Rted R¬°dic¬°llY fRom the sYmbols of kiNgship¬≠ ¬ģ¬°theR¬™ in Buddhist texts¬¶ the two c¬°- ReeRs¬Įof the Buddh¬° ¬°Nd the c¬°kR¬°v¬°RtiN¬įteNded to be viewed ¬°s p¬°R¬°llel ¬°nd complement¬°RY¬ę ¬¨he Buddh¬° undeRtook to te¬°ch the Dh¬°Rm¬° (the doctRine) to his disciples within his owN communitY¬Ī ¬¨he ide¬°l king undeRtook to m¬°in¬≤ t¬°in the Dh¬°Rm¬° ¬≥in the bRo¬°deR seNse of cosmic oRdeR ¬°nd Righteous Rule) ¬īithin the kingdom ¬°s ¬° whole¬Ķ ¬¨his p¬°R¬°llelism Led to wh¬°t h¬°s been c¬°lled doc¬ĘRine of the two spheRes¬∂ oR wheels¬£ of Dh¬°Rm¬°¬∑the Buddhist veRsion¬£ peRh¬°ps¬£ of ChuRch ¬°Nd St¬°te Rel¬°tionships¬ł 2.6¬°1 Te to Weels of Dh: a Parable Wh¬°t w¬°s the ReL¬°tionship between these two wheels of Dh¬°Rm¬°? As with ¬°lL such questions¬£ the ¬°nsweR depeNded to some exTent on who w¬°s giviNg it¬Ļ Buddhist kiNgs¬¶ though le¬°diNg sponsoRs ¬°nd devotees of the s¬°ngh¬°¬£ some¬ļ times sought to contRol it¬£ to "puRiF it of "heteRodox¬Ľ elements¬¶ sometimes on theiR own initi¬°tive ¬°nd sometimes ¬°t the pRompting of ¬° p¬°Rticul¬°R gRoup of moNks¬ľ ¬¨he s¬°ngh¬°¬Ĺ on the otheR h¬°nd¬™ despite its m¬°inten¬°nce of the p¬°R¬ĺ ¬°lLelisms betweeN the two wheels of Dh¬°Rm¬°, teNded to see kings ¬°s depen¬Ņ dent on its moR¬°l ¬°uthoRitY√Ä ¬¨he foLlowing stoRy¬¶ incoRpoR¬°ted into the P¬°li c¬°non immedi¬°telY folLowing ¬° sOtR¬° comp¬°Ring the Buddh¬° ¬°Nd the c¬°k√Ā R¬°v¬°Rtin king¬™ expResses this l¬°TteR moN¬°stic view¬ę HeRe it is cle¬°R th¬°t the fiRst wheel, the wheeL of kingship√ā bec¬°use it l¬°cks peRfe√É√Ąion¬™ c¬°nnot st¬°nd ¬°lone but depends on being ¬°tt¬°ched to the otheR wheel¬£ the wheel of the Buddh¬° ¬≥whom the sto¬§√Ö goes on to identifY with the ch¬°Riot m¬°keR√Ü√á Once, the Blessed One was dwelling in Benares, in The Deer Park at IsipaTana. "Monks/' he said, ¬°¬Ę ¬£ "in former Times There was a king named Pacetana¬§ who said to his charioT maker: ¬•My good charioT maker, six monThs from now There will be a batTle; can you make a new pair of chariot wheels for me by Then?¬¶ "' ¬ß can¬§ your majesTy¬®¬© The charioT maker answered ¬™¬Ę¬ę¬¨ "Now, monks, afTer six monThs m¬≠nus six days, ¬ģ¬°¬Į King PaceTAa said¬į ¬ĪMy good charioT maker¬§ six days from now there will be a baTTle¬≤ have...
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- Buddhism, Gautama Buddha, chariot maker, King Udena, good chariot maker