9 - HEALTH & FUNCTIONAL ABILITY - ELDERS

9 - HEALTH & FUNCTIONAL ABILITY - ELDERS - SOURCE:...

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1 SOURCE : Diwan, S. & Balaswamy, S. (2005). “Social Work with Older Adults in Health Care Settings.” Book chapter in S. Gehlert & T.A. Browne (eds.), Handbook of Health Social Work , Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. CHARACTERISTICS OF THE AGING POPULATION The Administration on Aging ([AoA] 2004) provides the following facts in “A profile of older Americans: 2003.” Demographics Older adults, i.e., persons 65 years or older numbered 35.6 million in 2002, representing 12.3% of the U.S. population-- about one in every eight Americans. The older population itself is getting older and in 2001 persons reaching age 65 had an average life expectancy of an additional 18.1 years (19.4 years for females and 16.4 years for males). By 2030 there will be about 71.5 million older persons, more than twice their number in 2000, and will represent 20% of the population. The number of individuals 85 years and over is expected to more than double by 2030. Minority populations are projected to represent 26.4% of the elderly population in 2030, up from 17.2% in 2002. Health and Health Care Most older persons have at least one chronic condition and many have multiple conditions. Among the most frequently occurring conditions were: hypertension (49.2%), arthritic symptoms (36.1%), all types of heart disease (31.1%), any cancer (20.0), sinusitis (15.1%), and diabetes (15.0). In 2002, over 12.5 million persons aged 65 and older were discharged from hospitals. The rate of hospital discharge for persons aged 65 and older is more than three times the comparable rate for persons aged 45 to 64. The average length of hospital stay for persons aged 65 and older was 5.8 days; the comparable rate for persons aged 45-64 was 5.0 days. The average length of stay for older people has decreased almost 5 days since 1980.
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9 - HEALTH & FUNCTIONAL ABILITY - ELDERS - SOURCE:...

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