hunter and gatherer ecology

hunter and gatherer ecology - Hunter-Gatherer Ecology...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–5. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Hunter-Gatherer Ecology Anthropology 210 Instructor: Megan Styles Lecture Notes June 28, 2006
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
I. Hunter Gatherer Ecology Hunting-and-gathering – a form of subsistence involving the harvest of wild plant and animal resources; also referred to as foraging ; thought to be the subsistence strategy in use for 99% of human history A. Hallmarks of Hunting and Gathering Societies i. Typically live in small groups of closely related families ii. Population densities of 0.01-1.00 per square mile ; dependent on quality and availability of resources iii. Generally fairly nomadic (depends on resource availability) but each group controls a territory , the boundaries of which are recognized by other groups (differ in degree to control over this territory is exclusive)
Background image of page 2
iv. Gendered Division of Labor 1 . Man the Hunter? Popular concept in 1960s ; argued that hunting = major hallmark of human evolution ; human sociality, language, and cognitive development driven by the need for protein from; assumed that men served central role in hunting and, therefore, in human evolutionary development a. Debunked on several grounds : i. bulk of the hunter-gather diet comes from plant foods harvested by women (and children) ii. Humans not the only primate to exhibit hunting behaviors b. First tools NOT for hunting but rather for carrying and for storage 2. Woman the Gatherer? a. women and children spend the bulk time gathering , but may also hunt small game b. men also involved in gathering; more likely to be charged with hunting large game (especially if the hunt involves long days of tracking) 3. more variation in gendered division of labor than initially thought
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
v. Egalitarianism? 1. many instances of complex hunter-gatherers with social stratification and hierarchical political structures a. examples from native North America of hunter-gatherers living in permanent villages, with political institutions and hierarchies, trade, warfare
Background image of page 4
Image of page 5
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 09/08/2010 for the course ANTH 146 at San Jose State.

Page1 / 23

hunter and gatherer ecology - Hunter-Gatherer Ecology...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 5. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online