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Unformatted text preview: Music 12: Review V. LATE MIDDLE AGES Contenance Angloise the English Countenance for the sound of English Discant, with the Melody surrounded by improvised polyphony forming blocks of parallel 6/3 chords (including thirds and sixths). Influences Continental composers (i.e. Dufay below) with its sound of consonantly-tuned thirds and sixths. John Dunstable (1390-1453) 19 John Dunstable (c. 1390-1453), Quam pulchra es [Motet] Marian Motet (motet in honor of Virgin Mary) Contenance Angloise the English Countenance for the sound of English Discantthe Melody with improvised polyphony forming blocks of parallel 6/3 chords (including thirds and sixths) Guillaume Dufay (c. 1440-1474) Writes name Du-FA (B-flat-soft hexachord)-Y. Works for: Malatesta courts, Papal Courts (Martin V Eugene IV), and those of Savoy. Shows assimilation of both French and Italian trends. 22 Guillaume Dufay, Nuper rosarum flores Terribilis est locus iste [Isorhythmic motet] Isorhythmic Motet written for the completion of the Duomo (1436) in Florence Tenors (in canon) based on the proportions of 6:4:2:3, the measurements of the Temple of Solomon: 60 = total length of Temple 40 = length of outer room 20 = cubits wide (also length of inner roomthe sanctum sanctorum) 30 = cubits in height 20 Guillaume Dufay (c. 1400-1474), Vergine Bella Important poetry cycle by Italian poet Petrarch Sectionalthree musical sections based on the poem. 1 Guillaume Dufay, Agnus Dei, Missa Lhomme Arm [Cantus firmus mass setting, canzicrans in Agnus III] Cantus firmus mass based on Lhomme arm tune. Uses a tune as basis to musically unify 5 part of Mass. Beginning of Lhomme Arm Mass tradition: (over 40 masses based on this tune over 150 years. More equality in parts, all participate in polyphony, including imitation. Dufay uses fewer voice parts in Christe eleison (in Kyrie) Pleni sunt coeli/Benedictus (Sanctus) 2 nd Agnus Dei (Agnus) Also features Drive to cadence: all vocal lines becoming more active as they near major cadence point. Agnus Ibased on tune in Tenor Agnus IIno Tenor; but uses fragments of tune Agnus III has tenor rubric Cancer eat plenus et redeat medius (Let the crab proceed full and let it return half) Retrograde with full value notes, then beginning to end at half value Tenors sing the tenor Franco-Flemish Composers Johannes Ockeghem (c. 1410-1497) o Born in Flanders (present-day Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg) o Schooled in Antwerp o Works for o Charles, Duke of Bourbon (1446-1450) o King Charles VII (1450-1461) o King Louis XI (1461-83) o King Charles VIII (1483-97) o Is granted position of treasurer of St. Martin of Tours abbey, as well as a benefice at Ntre-Dame de Paris (i.e. Ockeghem made a good living)....
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