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Unformatted text preview: o Cultivate and integrate classical values and ideals o Focus on Knowledge that produces virtue o Reaction against scholasticism o Using knowledge of ancient sources, Christian humanists sought to purify Christian practices; o Not an attack on the church or Christianity per se, but a vehicle for constructive renewal and reform o Erasmus-Most important Christian Humanist. Martin Luther o Luther’s early life o Indulgences and the 95 theses o Leipzig debate, 1519 o Luther’s three pamphlets: o The Diet of Worms, 1521 Basic tenets of early Lutheranism o Sola fide - faith alone o Sola scriptura - the bible as the sole source of authority o The priesthood of all believers Early Reformation Movements after Luther • Zwingli and the Swiss Reform Movement o The peasant Wars • The Anabaptists • The Kingdom of Munster The Reformation in Geneva • John Calvin The Beginning of the Reformation in England • Henry VIII • Edward VII • Bloody Mary...
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- Martin Luther, Protestant Reformation, Late Medieval Church, Reformation Era Overview, Protestant Reformation Movements, Lay piety movements