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Outline 2--Early Reformation

Outline 2--Early Reformation - o Cultivate and integrate...

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Outline— The Spread of the Protestant Reformation Movements Prelude to the Reformation Era Overview of the Reformation o Contradictory trends on the eve of the Reformation: o Changing perspectives on the Reformation Difficulties afflicting the Late Medieval Church o Anticlericalism: Complaints about clerical privileges Conflicts between lay and clerical authorities; Conflicts within the church between differing religious spheres Resentment over clerical inadequacies, abuses Signs of vitality and optimism within the late medieval church o Massive lay financial investment in the church o Massive lay and civic support for preaching o Proliferation of lay piety and devotion o The effects of Printing: The bible in the vernacular Widespread publications of devotional texts o Lay piety movements - the devotio moderna (brethren of the common life) o Official church acknowledgment of abuses, and calls for reform from within Christian Humanism o Return to the sources - original biblical texts, works of the Church Fathers
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Unformatted text preview: o Cultivate and integrate classical values and ideals o Focus on Knowledge that produces virtue o Reaction against scholasticism o Using knowledge of ancient sources, Christian humanists sought to purify Christian practices; o Not an attack on the church or Christianity per se, but a vehicle for constructive renewal and reform o Erasmus-Most important Christian Humanist. Martin Luther o Luther’s early life o Indulgences and the 95 theses o Leipzig debate, 1519 o Luther’s three pamphlets: o The Diet of Worms, 1521 Basic tenets of early Lutheranism o Sola fide - faith alone o Sola scriptura - the bible as the sole source of authority o The priesthood of all believers Early Reformation Movements after Luther • Zwingli and the Swiss Reform Movement o The peasant Wars • The Anabaptists • The Kingdom of Munster The Reformation in Geneva • John Calvin The Beginning of the Reformation in England • Henry VIII • Edward VII • Bloody Mary...
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Outline 2--Early Reformation - o Cultivate and integrate...

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