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Chapter 13 - Chapter 13 Personality and Individual...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 13 Personality and Individual Differences Introduction to Personality Personality the style in which we interact with the world, particularly other people Strategies for studying personality Idiographic approach Nomothetic approach Personality Traits Trait theories Cattell's 16 personality factors Factor analysis Eysenck and Gray's two central dimensions Reticular formation Behavioral activation system (BAS) Behavioral inhibition system (BIS) Personality Traits Trait theories The fivefactor model Extraversion/introversion Agreeableness/antagonism Conscientiousness/undirectedness Emotional stability/instability Openness to experience/nonopenness Personality Traits Assessing traits The effects of genetics on personality Evaluating the trait perspective Personsituation controversy Heritability Personality inventories Minnesota multiphasic personality inventory (MMPI) The predictive value of personality inventories Consistency paradox The Psychodynamic Perspective Sigmund Freud Psychic determinism Psychoanalysis Psychodynamic theory The id, ego, and superego Id's Pleasure principle Ego's Reality principle The Psychodynamic Perspective The Psychodynamic Perspective Sigmund Freud The psychosexual stages Fixation Sigmund Freud The Psychodynamic Perspective Defense mechanism Repression Regression Displacement Freudian slips Reaction formation Projection Identification Rationalization Sublimation PostFreudian psychodynamic theorists Carl Jung Collective unconscious Archetypes Alfred Adler Inferiority complex The Psychodynamic Perspective Assessing the unconscious Evaluating the psychodynamic theory Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) Rorschach inkblot test The Psychodynamic Perspective Rorschach Inkblot Test The Humanistic Approach Rogers and selfconcept Maslow and selfactualization McAdams and psychobiography Evaluating the humanistic approach Hierarchy of needs Selfconcept Self theory unconditional positive regard The Humanistic Approach The Social Cognitive Perspective Rotter and personal control Locus of control Internal locus of control External locus of control Outcome expectancies Learned helplessness Bandura, reciprocal determinism, and self efficacy Reciprocal determinism Selfefficacy The Social Cognitive Perspective The Social Cognitive Perspective The power of thinking positively Crosscultural differences in personality Collectivist cultures Interdependent construal of self Individualist cultures Independent construal of self Allocentrism Ideocentrism Evaluating the social cognitive perspective ...
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