Kant - Kant There are many arguments here, but the...

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Kant There are many arguments here, but the following four figure prominently in what I take to be the central argument. I've called them the Good Will argument, the Imperatives argument, the Ends argument, and the Realm of Ends argument. The Good Will Argument 1. The only thing good in itself is a good will. (He supports this with the function argument and the acting from duty argument.) 2. The only thing capable of motivating a good will is respect. (He supports this by showing that all other motives are suspect.) 3. Rational creatures can only respect a maxim which is a universal law (binding on all rational creatures). 4. The only thing capable of motivating a good will is respect for universal moral laws. 5. So, "Act only according to that maxim by which you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law." (Kant's first formulation of the categorical imperative, hereafter CI1) Imperatives Argument 1. Imperatives are either hypothetical or categorical. 2. A hypothetical imperative assumes (hypothetically) a desire, without which the imperative would lose its force. 3. Categorical imperatives hold unconditionally (without any hypothetical desire). 4. If categorical imperatives have a hidden hypothetical desire (e.g. Keep promises if you want to protect your credit.), then there is no distinction between hypothetical and categorical imperatives. 5. But is there is no distinction, then all imperatives are either imperatives of skill or counsels of prudence. 6. If all imperatives are either imperatives of skill or counsels of prudence, then there is no distinctly moral domain and duty cannot contain any real significance or lawgiving. 7.
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2010 for the course PHIL 292 at San Jose State University .

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Kant - Kant There are many arguments here, but the...

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