Introduction_to_Cross_Cultural_Psychology

Introduction_to_Cross_Cultural_Psychology - Introduction to...

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Unformatted text preview: Introduction to CrossCultural Psychology Sharon Glazer, Ph.D. San Jose State University What do you think? The world is essentially a global village. The world would be a better place if everybody behaved like the people in my country. One could live in any country in the world, if one were honest and well­intentioned. Business is business in any country. Children’s upbringing at home and their lives in school and later in the workplace are unrelated. What is Culture? A set of learned & shared attitudes, beliefs, values, customs, meanings, symbols, & behaviors, that provides distinction and meaning for the existence of a given group of people over a period of history. It can be determined by national identification & historical­social circumstances. It is often taken for granted as reality by those within it. The attributes characterizing a culture may fluctuate in intensity of meaning and salience to certain individuals within the culture. Drastic political and economic changes may play a big role in the fluctuating meaning of cultural attributes. What is Culture? cont’d Culture Culture is adaptive Consists of shared elements Transmitted across time periods • How many cultures are there? What Behaviors Vary Across What Cultures? Cultures? Handout: Universal (etic) or Culture­ Specific (emic) Objective culture Subjective culture What do we learn by analyzing subjective culture? Why do people categorize? How are people categorized in…? Cultural Syndromes A pattern of beliefs, attitudes, self­ definitions, norms, values that are organized around some theme that can be identified in a society. Are some cultures better than Are others? others? Ecology Ecology culture social behavior Ecology culture socializations personality behavior Very cold winters people work together to prepare for cold work in teams helpful & giving warm relations with your work colleagues, likely to be a transformational leader What is National Culture? Distinguishes the values endorsed by the majority of people in a country that serves to guide their behaviors, thoughts, and feelings, that differ from those of another country. Influences of Culture on Person National culture influences all aspects of our lives, including 1.social class structure 2.children accompanying their mothers 3.sleeping arrangements between parents and children 4.behavior toward elderly, young, women, men 5.fighting back or sitting down to talk 6.speak one’s mind or to save others’ face 7.wear skirts, shorts, veils, caps 8.at what age are people given independence to make decisions Importance of Culture Much of what happen among people depends on culture, but not entirely. Each human is unique, with their own character and their own interpretation of their own history. People learn to be who they are from the social groups they belong to. Immigrants are influenced by both their mother country and their father country(ies). ...
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