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AAS33B 01-16 Do-Franks

AAS33B 01-16 Do-Franks - Do WWII was fought over ideology...

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January 16, 2008 Do WWII was fought over ideology Allies -Britain -France -U.S.-reluctant, not only sidelines, but provided a lot of resources -China -Russia Axis -Germany -Italy -Japan December 7, 1941 – Pearl Harbor Japanese American community under attack - investigated Question of loyalty 5 th column -A fifth column is a group of people who clandestinely undermine a larger group to which it is expected to be loyal, such as a nation. -he term originated with a 1936 radio address by Emilio Mola, a nationalist general during the 1936–39 Spanish Civil War. As his army approached Madrid, he broadcast a message that the four columns of his forces outside the city would be supported by a "fifth column" of his supporters inside the city, intent on undermining the Republican government from within (see Siege of Madrid). [1] In fact, this supposed "fifth column" did not prove very effective, as evidenced by the fact that Madrid held out until 1939 despite very heavy fighting. Nevertheless, the term caught on and was used extensively, especially by those fighting the Fascists and Nazis. It was especially in wide use in Britain in the early stages of the Second World War. There, fear of the "fifth Column" was used as justification for the mass internment on the Isle of Man of German nationals resident in the country. Initially fear that spies had been sent under cover led to the internment of German Jews and anti-Nazis who had sought refuge in Britain after the rise of Hitler. Anti-Nazis were released after their credentials were checked. [ citation needed ] . Similar internments occurred elsewhere in the British Empire. In the United States after 1941 there was widespread evacuation, relocation, and internment of Japanese immigrants and naturalized citizens.
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The term is also used in reference to a population who are assumed to have loyalties to countries other than the one in which they reside, or who support some other nation in war efforts against the country they live in. (see dual loyalty.) With the grain requisition crises, forced starvation of millions of Ukranians, famines, troubled economic conditions and international destabilization in the 1930s, the Soviet Union became increasingly worried about a possible disloyalty of diaspora ethnic groups with cross-border ties (especially Finns, Germans and Poles), residing along its western borders, which eventually led to the start of Stalin's repressive policy towards them, most notably to the national operations of the NKVD and forced population transfer. [2] During World War II, the Japanese American internment proceeded in the United States for similar reasons. German minority organizations in Poland and Czechoslovakia formed the Selbstschutz, which actively helped the Third Reich in conquering those nations and engaged in atrocities. After 1945, this was cited as justification for the wholesale expulsion of ethnic Germans from Czechoslovakia, Poland and the Soviet Union, including considerable former German territories annexed to these countries after the war.
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