Chap3-TheoreticalExplanations

Chap3-TheoreticalExplanations - Chapter 3 Theoretical...

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Chapter 3 Theoretical Explanations of Gangs
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Theoretical Explanations A fundamental question involving gangs (and any deviant behavior) is why they exist in the first place. Theories aim to answer this question. Theories posses 3 characteristics: They are empirically verifiable They provide an explanation or account for… …a general class of phenomena
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Biological Theories Some aim to link delinquency to genetics, others to body types… suggesting that people are ‘born criminal’ or ‘look criminal’ Central premise is that behavior is caused by some mechanism internal to the individual or a physical trait
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Biological Theories The Classical School Beccaria - humans are free to choose courses of action and making rational decisions Bentham - Hedonism - humans seek pleasure and avoid pain in their actions Thus, to avoid delinquency, the punishment must outweigh the reward, and must be certain, swift and just Critiques?
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Biological Theories The Positive School Mesomorphs, Ectomorphs, Endomorphs Critiques? Modern biological explanations and research to provide two important aspects: Increasing refinement of understanding biological influence Advanced understanding of genetic links
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Psychological Theories Intelligence Based Theories Certain individuals are mentally deficient, possess
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2010 for the course SOCI 156 at San Jose State.

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Chap3-TheoreticalExplanations - Chapter 3 Theoretical...

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