Collingwood - Robin G. Collingwood "18891943, English...

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Robin G. Collingwood "1889–1943, English philosopher and historian. From 1908 he was associated with Oxford as student, fellow, lecturer in history, and professor of philosophy. Collingwood believed that philosophy should be rooted in history rather than in formal science, and he attempted to correlate creative endeavor with historical experience rather than to sensation. He was also significant as a historian. In Roman Britain (1936) and in some 150 monographs he brilliantly reconstructed that ancient era from his study of coins and inscriptions. For his philosophical thought, see Speculum Mentis (1924), An Essay on Philosophic Method (1933), Principles of Art (1938), and The Idea of History (1946). See studies by A. Donagan (1962, repr. 1986), M. Kraus, ed. (1972), and L. O. Mink (1987)." "English philosopher. Influenced by Hegel, Cook Wilson, and Croce, Collingwood explored the implications of idealism for aesthetics and the philosophy of history in [his books] Collingwood proposed that historical understanding be achieved through empathetic reconstruction of the thoughts that motivated the actions of historical figures. Recommended Reading: Aaron Ridley, Collingwood (Routledge, 1999); Philosophy, History and Civilization: Essays on R. G. Collingwood, ed. by David Boucher (U of Wales, 1996); and William H. Dray, History As Re-Enactment: R. G. Collingwood's Idea of History (Oxford, 1999)." R. G. Collingwood "The Poetic Expression of Emotion." from The Principles of Art (1938) 1) The artist proper has something to do with emotions, but not to arouse them. 2) The most commonplace answer [based on what we habitually say], and the one we want here, is: he expresses them. a) This is not a philosophical theory or definition of art but a fact [or a supposed one], which we can later theorize about: it simply means to identify what people are saying when they say “art expresses emotion.” [But I am skeptical about this. He seems like Plato in trying to define something, although he claims not to be giving a definition.] 3) process of expressing an emotion a) At first he [the artist] is conscious of having an emotion, but is ignorant of it: conscious of a perturbation or excitement, a sense of oppression.
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b) He then expresses himself (in language, by speaking). i) He becomes conscious of the emotion as e.g. anger. ii) The sense of oppression has vanished and the mind lightened. 4) This is like "catharsis" [Aristotle’s idea] by which emotion is earthed [Aristotle never mentions the earthing of emotion: Collingwood means that for Aristotle the emotions of pity and fear disappear as when lightening disappears when it goes into the earth, is “earthed.”]. Earthing involves fancy or make-believe, as when one fancies kicking someone down some stairs and then no longer feels anger. 5)
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Collingwood - Robin G. Collingwood "18891943, English...

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