sjsu_g10_chapter_8_political_r2

sjsu_g10_chapter_8_political_r2 - Political Geography...

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Political Geography (Chapter 8)
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States of the World Today Patterns are the result of historical activities. Source: CIA http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/mapspub/maps/802980.jpg
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Boundaries Flexible Often change through conquest (often considered immutable until they are changed) Changes take war or agreement. Very few countries change borders peacefully (e.g. Czechoslovakia Czech Republic, Slovakia) Alsace-Lorraine: changed countries multiple times due to wars. Yugoslavia (war, genocide, partition… done?) Korea (North and South, a country divided) Want to know potential flashpoints. Know what some people will be fighting about (again).
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Definitions: State : political unit with government and control over internal and foreign affairs . Microstates : states with small land areas: e.g. Monaco (in Europe), Singapore City-state : a sovereign state that comprises a town and surrounding countryside . Started in Mesopotamia. Elsewhere? (Americas.) Colony : a territory that is controlled by another state , not independent. Colonialism : effort by one country to establish settlements and impose its political, economic, and cultural principles in a territory .
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Colonial Powers Prompt for new textbook return. Spain and Portugal (partition of the world) England (post-Armada) France Italy Belgium Russia Netherlands Austria Ottoman Empire Japan United States
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Why colonize at all? Missionaries (religion) Economic colonies ($) Military (establish, expand, and project power) Over ½ of the world was under colonial rule. (Figure 8-4.) Present Colonies: mostly Pacific Ocean islands, Puerto Rico (Text figure) For discussion: Using the text’s definition and information, is Iraq a colony? Why or why not?
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Key points Former colonies often reflect their colonial past. Different countries treated colonies differently. Each country treated its colonies differently. Treatment varied over time. This treatment affected the countries and their transitions. Transitions to states Causes for transition vary. Some peaceful, some violent. (Ask for a few.) Some national, some multinational. Some stable, some unstable.
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Sovereignty and Empire Sovereignty : state control over its own political affairs (both internal and external) Iraq: Countrymen are working to establish this. Kurds: wish sovereignty, not complete.
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sjsu_g10_chapter_8_political_r2 - Political Geography...

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