2010 Mid-term Test 2 Study Guide

2010 Mid-term Test 2 Study Guide - Ling 21 Language and...

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Ling 21: Language and Thinking Test 2 Study Guide For the second test, you should be able to define and give an example of each of the following terms in no more than 3 sentences: Dialect Accent Standard American English AAE Synopsis Non-native varieties of English Styles Registers Marked/Unmarked forms Slang Jargon Principle of Rational Acceptance Argot Academic register Vernacular dialects Denotation Connotation Epithet Euphemism Generic ‘he’ Internet Search Engine Bibliography Index Reductio ad absurdum Encyclopedia Who’s Who Cogent / uncogent inductive argument Scholarly Journal Journal of Opinion Strong / weak inductive argument Paraphrase Plagiarism inductive generalization Block Quotation Statistical argument Representative sample Enthymeme Gambler’s fallacy Epistemic probability Margin of error a priori probability Linked support For Test 2, you should be able to determine whether statements like the following are true or false. ___F__ 1. The premises are independent in the following argument: No rock stars are shuffleboard players. Mick is a rock star. So, Mick isn't a shuffleboard player. ___T__ 2. The premises are linked in the following argument: If Speedy is a lizard, then Speedy is a reptile. Speedy is a lizard. So, Speedy is a reptile. ___F__ 3. The sentence "If I'm in Oklahoma City, then I'm in Oklahoma" expresses two statements rather than one. ___T__ 4. Irrelevant statements should not be included in argument diagrams. ___F__ 5. Missing premises and conclusions should not be included in argument standardizations. ___F__ 6. From a critical thinking standpoint, a good argument is a persuasive argument. ___T__ 7. From a critical thinking standpoint, an argument can be a good argument even if it lacks literary or rhetorical merit. ___T__ 9. From a critical thinking standpoint, an argument can be a good argument even if it is seriously lacking in clarity, precision, relevance, and completeness.
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__T__ 10. In general, if a claim fits well with our background beliefs, then it is reasonable for us to accept it. ___T_ 11. To summarize an argument means to break it up into its various parts to see clearly what conclusion is being defended and on what grounds. ___T_ 12. An argument with a missing premise or conclusion is called an enthymeme. __T__ 13. An argument in which each step is numbered, premises are stated above the conclusion(s) they are alleged to support, and justifications are provided for each conclusion in the argument is said to be in standard logical form. __T___14. A paraphrase is a detailed restatement of a passage using different words and phrases. __T___ 15. Missing premises or conclusions should be included in an argument Standardization. ___F_ 16.
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2010 for the course LING 21 at San Jose State.

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2010 Mid-term Test 2 Study Guide - Ling 21 Language and...

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