MSR Paradigm Change - MSR Lecture Notes April 27 Thomas...

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MSR Lecture Notes April 27 Thomas Kuhn and Paradigm Change I. Thomas Kuhn A. Field of study: history and philosophy of science B. Asked question: “How do big ideas in science change?” C. Major work: The Structure of Scientific Revolutions (1962) 1. One of most influential books of 20 th century 2. Example of scientific revolution is the Copernican Revolution (from earth- centered to sun- centered idea of the solar system) D. Kuhn’s idea of “paradigm shift” is now applied broadly in many fields, though he applied it only to scientific field II. What is a scientific “ paradigm ”? A. An entire system of thought and practice that supports a theory or set of theories within a scientific discipline, including the following: 1. WHAT is to be observed and studied within that field (what is important) 2. The kind of questions supposed to be asked (what to do research about) 3. How these questions are supposed to be structured (form of the questions) 4. How an experiment should be conducted and what equipment is available to
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2010 for the course HUM 2B at San Jose State University .

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MSR Paradigm Change - MSR Lecture Notes April 27 Thomas...

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