APA Guide to Citations
American Psychological Association. (2001).
(5th ed.). Washington, DC:
Use parentheses for in-text citations; use author’s last name and publication date
Include page numbers ONLY FOR DIRECT QUOTES
(Evans, 1998, p. 213).
If a work has two authors, always include both in a citation. Conjoin the authors’ names with an
ampersand (&); do not use
If a work cited has three, four, or five authors, include all names in the first text citation
; in all subsequent citations, include the first author’s last name
(Arthur et al., 2000)
If a work has six or more authors, cite only the first author’s last name followed by
If the author is an organization or a group, spell out the full name followed by its abbreviation in
parentheses the FIRST TIME it is cited.
Child Welfare League of America (CWLA,
In all subsequent citations, use the abbreviation.
Follow the above guidelines for citations of electronic materials. Note that many web pages and
some printed materials do not have page numbers.
To cite a section of a web page that does
not contain page numbers, use the paragraph number.
CalSWEC (2000, para. 3)
All references cited in the text must appear in the reference list, and all entries in the
reference list must be cited in the text.
The author is responsible for ensuring that in-text citations identically match the reference
list entries in regards to spelling and year.
The types of materials most often cited include: books, book chapters, journal articles and
Gleeson, J. P., & Hairston, C. F. (1999).
Kinship care – Improving policy through research.
Washington, DC: Child Welfare League of America.
Downs, S., Moore, E., McFadden, E. J., & Costin, L. (2002).
Child welfare and family services –
ed). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
APA guide to citations compiled by Dr. Kathy Lemon Osterling from