SW131 Week 9 Human Behavior in Groups

SW131 Week 9 Human Behavior in Groups - Human Behavior in...

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Unformatted text preview: Human Behavior in Groups: Theories and Dynamics Chapter 2, Kirst-Ashman and Chapter 6, Goldenberg Theoretical Perspectives on Groups Field Theory • Groups as an entity moving through its immediate environment in pursuit of its goals. • Groups progress or fail because of positive and negative forces acting on them both internally and externally in the environment. • Leadership as democratic, authoritarian, or laissez-faire Social Exchange Theory • The individual within the group context; where social exchange takes place, which involves rewards and costs. • Relationships have an interdependent dimension – if you can’t give rewards, you likely won’t get rewards • Governed by values and expectations such as fairness and the importance of mutual sense of give and take. • Trust and commitment develop over time and stabilize relationships. Learning Theory • Conceptualizes the social environment in terms of behavior, its preceding events, and its subsequent consequences. • Behavior can be learned and unlearned. • Respondent conditioning: behavior in response to a specific stimulus. • Modeling: learning by observing. • Operant conditioning: behaviors learned by regulating consequences. Cognitive-Behavioral Theory • Components of learning (behavioral) and cognitive theory. • Cognitive theory emphasizes people’s ability to make rational decisions and alter their behavior. • Optimistic – people are capable of making positive changes if environment doesn’t prevent them. • People process and make choices about believes and construct their own worldview. • Cognition mediates or affects people’s behavior. • Three subsystems, cognition, emotion, and behavior provide feedback to each other. Psychoanalytic Theory • Impact of early life experiences on current feelings and behavior. • How group members act out in the group context unsettled issues encountered early in life, usually in their own families. • Attention given to emotional reactions by group members both to each other and the leader. • Distorted perceptions members may have of each other and group events because of personality (the Id, Superego, and Ego). Systems Theory • A group is a system, a set of related elements that are orderly and interrelated and a functional whole with boundaries, purposes, and mechanisms for attaining change while maintaining stability. • Objectives of Groups – Integration: means whereby group members fit & work together. – Pattern maintenance: means by which the group adheres to its basic processes and procedures. – Goal attainment: Achievement of their ultimate tasks & goals. – Adaptation: capacity to adjust to surrounding environmental conditions through an ongoing process of change. Systems Theory • Balance Between Task and Socio-Emotional Functions – Task functions: pursue goal attainment and adaptation....
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2010 for the course SCWK 175 at San Jose State.

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SW131 Week 9 Human Behavior in Groups - Human Behavior in...

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