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2010 Problem Set 3 Answers

2010 Problem Set 3 Answers - Linguistics 21 Sections 1 and...

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Linguistics 21: Sections 1 and 2, Fall 2010 Problem Set 3: Fallacies of Evidence A. Determine whether the following arguments contain fallacies of insufficient evidence. If they don’t, simply write “no fallacy.” If they do, identify which fallacy of relevance was committed. Explain your answers 1. Giving half your money to charity is either morally obligatory or morally prohibited. But giving half your money to charity is not morally prohibited. In fact, it would be highly praiseworthy. Therefore, giving half your money to charity is morally obligatory. Fallacy of False Alternatives 2. IRS agent : Mr. Peckinsniff, there is nothing in these documents that proves that you haven't been cheating on your taxes. Therefore, I must assume that you have been cheating on your taxes. Fallacy of Appeal to Ignorance 3. Kids play too many video games. That's why there's so much juvenile crime today. Fallacy of Questionable Cause 4. The famous novelist Aldous Huxley, author of Brave New World and other great works of fiction, held that near-sightedness can be corrected by eye exercises. Given the opinion of so eminent a person as Huxley, we may be confident that near-sightedness can indeed be corrected by eye exercises. Fallacy of Inappropriate Appeal to Augthority 5. From a student e-mail : Dear Professor Lott: I can't believe you took off points from my paper because it contained numerous spelling errors. You sea, I always spell-check whatever I right, so I no my writings contain know spelling errors. Fallacy of Inconsistency 6. Legislators in Texas want to make it a criminal offense for citizens not to use seat belts when they drive. Mark my words: If they get away with this, it won't be long before they ban beer drinking and cigarette smoking. Then they will restrict our intake of cholesterol,
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