Chinese Revolution

Chinese Revolution - THE MODERN CHINESE REVOLUTION AND...

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THE MODERN CHINESE REVOLUTION AND THEIR IDEOLOGICAL ROOTS (1905-1976) A_ INTRODUCTION 1_ The Historical Contexts of the Modern Chinese Revolution a_ The Global historical context b_ The Chinese historical context 2_ Problems of the Modern Chinese Revolution a_ The Manchu rule b_ The existences of multi-colonial powers c_ China became arena of international power politics between USA, USSR, England, Japan 3_ A Historical Overview of the Modern Chinese Revolution a_ The Aims of the Modern Chinese Revolution a_ National sovereignty b_ National development c_ b_ The Main Stages of the Modern Chinese Revolution [1] Benefits and problems of the concept “stage” [2] Stage 1 (1905-1911) The Path of the Nationalist Revolution (1905-1949) [3] Stage 2 (1912-1928) The Path of Dynastic Restoration (1911-1928) The emergence of warlordism (1912-1928) The May Fourth Era (1918-) The birth of the Communist Party (1921) [4] Stage 3 ( The Nationalist-Communist cooperation [5] Stage 4 The Nationalist-Communist Power Struggle The Path of the Communist Revolution The Path of the Communist Revolution (1921-1976) The First United Front (1923-1927) The creation of the Soviet Republic 3_ The Betrayals of the Nationalist Revolution a_ The First Betrayal of the Path of the Nationalist Revolution [1] General Yuan Shikai [Grasso’s assessment 77.3] [2] Back to Monarchy b_ The Second Betrayal of the Path of the Nationalist Revolution [1] Chiang Kai-shek [2] “Strong Man” Dictatorship [3] Class base: Han bourgeoisie, Han petty bourgeoisie, warlords [4] Foreign support: the United States Government
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[5] Violation of the “Three Principles of the People” 4_ The Ideological Roots of the Modern Chinese Revolution a_ Bourgeois Democracy b_ German Fascism c_ Marxism-Leninism B_ THE HISTORICAL CONTEXTS OF THE MODERN CHINESE REVOLUTION The Question: How did the historical contexts influence the modern Chinese Revolution? 1_ The global historical context a_ The Industrial Revolution (1750 in Great Britain) b_ The Age of Colonialism (replacing the Age of Exploration) c_ The New World Order (worlds of agricultural civilizations and industrial civilizations) 2_ The Chinese historical context a_ The impact of the Boxer Rebellion (June 1900) b_ The economic development c_ The emergence of new social classes d_ The new Han nationalism e_ Regionalism re-emerged after political reform of 1911 for constitutional monarchy C_ A HISTORICAL OVERVIEW OF THE MODERN CHINESE REVOLUTION The Question: What were the aims of the modern Chinese Revolution? 1_ The Modern Chinese Concept of Revolution 2_ The Aims of the Modern Chinese Revolution a_ The restoration of the national independence and sovereignty b_ The creation of a modern state system c_ The creation of a modern economic system d_ The creation of a modern military system e_ The creation of a modern way of life 3_ The Two Types of the Modern Chinese Revolution a_ The Nationalist Revolution b_ The Communist Revolution 4_ The Path of the Nationalist Revolution
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Chinese Revolution - THE MODERN CHINESE REVOLUTION AND...

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