CULTURALLY COMPETENT RESEARCH WITH
AMERICAN INDIANS AND ALASKA NATIVES:
FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE
FIRST SYMPOSIUM OF THE WORK GROUP
ON AMERICAN INDIAN RESEARCH AND
PROGRAM EVALUATION METHODOLOGY
Joyce Y. Caldwell, B.S., Jamie D. Davis, Ph.D., Barbara Du Bois, Ph.D., Holly
Echo-Hawk, M.S., Jill Shepard Erickson, M.S.W., A.C.S.W., R. Turner Goins, Ph.D.,
Calvin Hill, B.S., Walter Hillabrant, Ph.D., Sharon R. Johnson, M.A., Elizabeth
Kendall, Ph.D., Kelly Keemer, B.S., Spero M. Manson, Ph.D., Catherine A.
Marshall, Ph.D., Paulette Running Wolf, Ph.D., Rolando L. Santiago, Ph.D., Robert
Schacht, Ph.D., and Joseph B. Stone, Ph.D.
This article describes the collective experience of a
multidisciplinary network of researchers, practitioners, and
program evaluators who support appropriate research and
evaluation methods in working with Native peoples.
experience underlines the critical importance of culture in
understanding and conducting research with the diverse
populations of American Indians and Alaska Natives, and
documents the need for community-based, collaborative,
participatory action research. We discuss the major findings of
the first American Indian Research and Program Evaluation
Methodology national symposium, and articulate a set of 20
guiding principles for conducting research and program
American Indians and Alaska Natives,
Community-based Participatory Research, Participatory Action
This article presents a call for systematic change in how research
and program evaluation are conducted in Indian Country.
do not intend to offer innovative research and evaluation methods; rather,
we draw upon our collective experience, much of it based on working
with individuals who have chronic illnesses and disabilities, to offer
consolidated documentation for requiring that research and program
evaluation in Indian Country be participatory.
Further, we offer 20 guiding