Lecture Slides April 7 - 4/6/2010 Public Opinion on Social...

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4/6/2010 1 Public Opinion on Social Welfare Issues POLS107 April 7, 2010 Professor Jackson ANNOUNCEMENTS Polisci Dept Sacramento Trip z Wed. 4/14, sign up in Clark 471 by Mon. 4/12 z $20/person due at sign-up $20/person due at sign up SJSU Day of Service – Friday, April 30th Extra Credit for participation and response paper (10 pts.) Register online: www.sjsu.edu/dayofservice Trends in Policy Opinions Social Welfare issues (pre-1950) Social Security, health care, ed cation po ert education, poverty, homelessness Civil Rights (1950s-60s) School/residential integration, busing, equal opportunity, affirmative action
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4/6/2010 2 Trends in Policy Opinions Social issues (1960s-today?) Law and order, abortion, gay rights, role of women, drugs, pornography, school prayer Foreign Policy Internationalism/ interventionism, defense spending, militarism vs. diplomacy Social Welfare Issues: Public support for social welfare spending is consistently high. Should federal spending… Increase Same Decrease Social Security 64% 31% 4% Public schools 74% 21% 5% Aid to college students 55% 38% 8% Improving and protecting health 76% 17% 4% Child care 60% 33% 7% National Election Studies 2004 Government Should Provide More or Fewer Services 0 10 20 30 40 50 19 7 5 1984 1987 198 9 1991 94 8 20 02 Percentage Agreeing Government Should Do More Agree with both Government Does Too Much
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4/6/2010 3 Government Spending on Social Security 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 1 984 986 9 88 1990 993 996 2000 2 004 Percentage Agreeing Too Little About Right Too Much How does Social Security Work? 35 40 45 “Pay as you go” system: social security taxes taken in today are used to pay 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 1946 1960 1972 1985 2005 2030 in today are used to pay benefits to today’s retirees. In 1950, 16.6 workers supported each beneficiary, now it is only 3.3 workers. Number of Workers per Retiree (SSB, Fig. 13-3, p.334) How to save Social Security? The problem: As baby boomers retire, and live longer, it will be difficult to keep up with benefit payments at current levels. Options: Raise payroll taxes ($ coming in), eliminate wage cap of $106,800 (2010) Decrease benefits ($ going out), add means testing Raise eligibility age Save/protect the current income, instead of spending it Create individual “privatized” accounts
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4/6/2010 4 Confidence in Social Security
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Lecture Slides April 7 - 4/6/2010 Public Opinion on Social...

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