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Unformatted text preview: 9-21-09Econ 166Dr. PogodzinskiUrban Sprawling and the Forces that Encourage Sprawl DevelopmentUrban development constitutes as a moral dilemma to city planners everywhere due to many factors which must be accounted for. The economic approach is to consider what is best in the long-term, as well as, which is best suitable for the majority of the people affected. In general, the opposition, which includes many environmentalists and city residents, refuse to accept urban sprawling based on several reasons I wish to expand on further in my analysis. On the contrary, many advocates of sprawl development view sprawling as a means of expansion and growth for a city. According to Sprawl City Organization, “Both the urban planning and environmentalist approaches to sprawl are valid ones for achieving sometimes differing -- although not necessarily competing -- goals” (Kolankiewicz & Beck). In the following paper, I will begin by defining “sprawl”. Next, I will identify much of the leading factors contributing to sprawl development. In addition, I will describe the academic sources by discussing their opinions on sprawling. Lastly, I will conduct a literature review based on my research and analysis. While there are many interpretations of the word sprawl, the underlying definition is the expansion out of a city and its suburbs to cover more rural land at the border of an urban area. In a sense, it seems to be making the city larger as the surrounding land develops. The process of sprawling engages into the conversion of open space, or rural land, into newly built and developed land over time, otherwise known as urbanized land. The term “sprawl” has been derived with respect to the environmental approach referring to the reduction of rural land due to the increase of the total size of the land area of a city and its suburbs over a particular period of time. Paul D. Gottliebwrites, “This politically-loaded word describes a whole roster of urban design patterns that new activists regard as undesirable” (Gottlieb, 51). Regardless of whether one is an economist, urban planner, or citizen, one must comprehend that sprawling occurs on a wide array of scales....
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