IntegratedPestManagementx2x

IntegratedPestManagementx2x - be used only as a last...

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Integrated Pest Management
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Management of pests using a combination of natural and biological controls rather than the indiscriminate application of pesticides Developed in 1959 by University of California entomologists Incorporates some pre-pesticide ideas about how to control pest problems
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Steps of IPM Prevention Takes steps to discourage pest build-up Identify pests Set action thresholds Set a level of loss that is acceptable Past that threshold, action is warranted
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IPM Techniques Crop Rotation: Change crops each year to discourage pest buildup. Disrupts life cycles of insects Biological control: Use living organisms to reduce pest problems. I.e. release natural predators Increase natural resistance: Breed plants that are resistant to various pests Genetic Engineering: Modify genes in an organism using recombinant DNA technology
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Complications of IPM IPM philosophy – Pests should be managed, not completely eradicated. Pesticides should
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Unformatted text preview: be used only as a last resort, if at all BUT, managing pests is more complex than killing them IPM relies heavily on farming skills. IPM must be custom-developed for each farm depending on the crop, local insects, climate Complications of IPM Farmers can work with local universities to develop individual programs Farmers must be in fields almost continually monitoring conditions IPM appeals to younger, better-educated farmers 15-25% of farmers are practicing IPM IPM: Key elements for Success Responsiveness to farmers needs community organization as a base for implementation and sharing of knowledge partnering among institutions (university researchers, government agencies, local farmers groups) with two-way flow of information. Absence of subsidies and incentives for non-sustainable agricultural practices Policies that support sustainable practices...
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IntegratedPestManagementx2x - be used only as a last...

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