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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 9 Motivation and Emotion Theories of Emotion The nature of emotions Physiological arousal Expressive behavior Cognitive experience The universality hypothesis JamesLange theory The CannonBard theory Schachter and Singer's twofactor theory Schachter's cognitionplusfeedback theory Theories of Emotion Zajonc and the mere exposure effect Exposure effect Amygdala Cognitive appraisal theory Misattribution Plutchik's model of primary emotions Theories of Emotion Emotion and the Body Brain structures The amygdala Thalamus Rapid subcortical pathway Slower cortical pathway Visual cortex Temporal lobes Psychic blindness The prefrontal cortex Emotion and the Body Autonomic nervous system Sympathetic division Parasympathetic division Comparing specific emotions Lie detection Emotion and the Body Emotion and the Body Nonverbal Emotional Expression Facial expression and eye contact Gender differences Culture The facial feedback hypothesis and facial expression Nonverbal Emotional Expression Deceptive expression Hiding emotions Intensification Deintensification Masking Neutralizing Detecting emotions morphology Experience Emotion Cognition and emotion Moodcongruent processing Emotion regulation Affective forecasting Valence and arousal Fear Anger Catharsis theory Experience Emotion Happiness Feelgood, dogood phenomenon Subjective wellbeing Adaptationlevel phenomenon Relative deprivation Motivation Perspectives on Motivation, Drives, and Incentives Dispositional forces Situational forces Perspectives on Motivation, Drives, and Incentives Theories of motivation Instincts Hedonic principles Drivereduction theory Homeostasis Regulatory drives Nonregulatory drives Social learning theory Centralstate theory Central drive systems Perspectives on Motivation, Drives, and Incentives Incentives Intrinsic reward Extrinsic reward Wanting and liking Reinforcement Reward neurons Medial forebrain bundle Liking systems Endorphins Wanting systems Perspectives on Motivation, Drives, and Incentives Optimal arousal YerkesDodson law Maslow's hierarchy of needs Physiological Safety Belongingness Esteem Selfactualization Hunger Hunger, body chemistry, and the brain Glucose Insulin Orexin Anorexogenic Arcuate nucleus Gustatory sense Sexual Motivation Synchrony Castration Sleep Motivation Why do we sleep? The preservation and protection theory The body restoration theory Longterm potentiation (LTP) Activationsynthesis theory REM sleep Individual variation Nonsomniacs Insomniacs Belongingness Anterior cingulate cortex Motivation at Work Job satisfaction Equity theory and expectancy theory ...
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