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Food_Security_ppt - Food Supply and Production The Effect...

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Food Supply and Production: The Effect on Food Security Local vs. Global Food : Supply and Production
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Food supply and production: Introduction Food insecurity: state of living in fear of hunger or starvation, can be transient or chronic. Difficult for the poor to purchase adequate supplies Causes: war, political events, natural disasters
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Food Politics The political aspects of the production, control, regulation, inspection and distribution of food. Can be affected by the ethical, cultural, medical and environmental disputes concerning proper farming, agricultural and retailing methods and regulations. “There is no such thing as an apolitical food problem." Nobel Prize-winning economist Amartya Sen
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Larger picture of hunger indicates that Food production, Food supply. Income of the poor, And mix of other variables, affects food security. food production food shortages food prices.
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Food Security Equation In the simplest form: it compares the value of the food production deficit in a household with the income and liquid assets that household has available to purchase food. It ultimately determines if you are food secure or insecure. Value of food production Income and liquid deficit assets available to purchase food
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Household Food production deficit : the food needed over and above any home production, in order to provide all household members at all times with adequate food supplies. The value of this deficit is simply the minimum cost of purchasing such a supply of food.
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Value of food production deficit = Food purchase requirement Χ Price of food This equation allows us to look at both the sides equally. The left hand side of the equation can be factored into two components. Food purchase requirement Price of the food
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So the equation can be re-written as: Food Purchase X Price of Income and liquid requirement food assets available to purchase food When price of food →→ the left hand side gets bigger →→ Food insecurity When price of food →→ the left hand side gets smaller →→ Food insecurity
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Food purchase requirement can be shown as the difference between: Household food consumption vs Household food production Household food production →→ food purchase requirement Food consumption requirement →→ food purchase requirement
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