Unformatted text preview: JS 202: Research Design, Methods, and Evaluation Qualitative methods A safe refuge for those who hate statistics Greater awareness of the perspectives of Px participants Capable of understanding dynamic development as Px evolves Sensitivity to the influence of context General flexibility of perspective Alertness to unanticipated and unplanned events Field Research/Ethnography Natural social processes studied as they happen and are left relatively undisturbed Observing, listening, talking and participating Fuller understanding of attitudes and behaviors Used for discovery not hypothesis Field research Participant observation Complete participant Immerse oneself and participate Drinking in a pub to observe violence Complete observer See how things happen, do not take part (court observer) Participant observer Fuzzy line but does reduce some ethical problems from the above methods Field research Intensive interviewing Open ended, relatively unstructured Don't have to stick to the topic In person (Able to observe surroundings, mannerisms etc.) Takes skill to develop rapport Hear the story in their own words Field research Focus group Developed research Unstructured group interviews Encourage discussion among participants The researcher is only a guide, tries not to influence the views of participants Valuable for developing hypotheses and survey questions famously for market Secondary data analysis There is no one truth use a combination of methods Uses existing data much easier than collecting your own Journals, biographies, letters, reports, police files, school reports, health records, clinical impressions, etc. Are not subject to memory decay or distortion because they were written at the time Secondary data analysis Three goals: Addresses questions that may not be part of the original purpose of the research (can be good and bad) Incorporate several different datasets to increase the explanatory power of more complex research questions Examine longitudinally collected large sample data Selecting a dataset UCR NCVS ICPSR Archival files Consider the following: The research population The feasibility of access to the data The use of the data ...
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- Qualitative Research, researcher, Fuller, secondary data analysis