Guide_to_Critical_Thinking

Guide_to_Critical_Thinking - 1. Find controlling ideas 2....

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ChAD 163 Critical Thinking Guide Characteristics of Critical Thinking: 1. Critical Thinkers (CT) are honest with themselves 2. CT resist manipulation 3. CT overcome confusion 4. CT ask questions 5. CT base judgments on evidence 6. CT balance their thinking 7. CT look for connections between subjects 8. CT are intellectually independent go beyond own experiences; learn from others’ experiences; make own judgments; reassess w/new evidence ERRORS 1. Perceptual: A ‘MINE IS BETTER’ thinking B selective perception C pretending to know D resistance to change E either/or thinking 2. Judgment A overgeneralization/stereotyping B hasty conclusions C unwarranted assumptions’ D failure to male a distinction between: person/idea assertion/evidence familiarity/validity often/always seldom/never E oversimplification 3. Reaction A explaining away B shifting burden of proof C attacking the person Unraveling Arguments
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Unformatted text preview: 1. Find controlling ideas 2. Read/listen to the presentation 3. Identify relationships 4. Summarize Coping with Complexity 1. Deal with one sub-issue at a time 2. Use decisions about various sub0issues to formulate overall view Own View -What A Critical Thinker Does: 1. Know what you think and why you think it 2. Seek other views and more evidence 3. Decide which view is most reasonable (evaluate those views) 4. Construct the most reasonable view (revise if needed) 5. Note: If your view is always confirmed, you may be twisting evidence Others’ Views 1, Understand the others’ view 2. Seek more views and more evidence 3. Evaluate various views 4. Construct the most reasonable view Adapted from: Ruggiero, V, (1989). Critical Thinking . Rapid City, SD: CSI....
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2010 for the course CHAD 163 at San Jose State University .

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Guide_to_Critical_Thinking - 1. Find controlling ideas 2....

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