cj_primer_013107

cj_primer_013107 - Elizabeth G. Hill Legislative Analysts...

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Unformatted text preview: Elizabeth G. Hill Legislative Analysts Office Californias Criminal Justice System A Primer January 2007 Contents Introduction ...........................................................................3 An Overview of Californias Criminal Justice System ............7 The State of Crime in California ..........................................16 Adult Criminal Justice System ..............................................28 Juvenile Justice System ........................................................49 The Costs of Crime and the Criminal Justice System ...........62 Conclusion ...........................................................................71 Acknowledgments Steenhausen, and reviewed by Dan Carson and Greg Jolivette. The Legislative Analysts Office (LAO) is a nonpartisan office which provides fiscal and policy information and advice to the California Legislature. To request publications call (916) 445-4656. This report and others, as well as an E-mail subscription service, are available on the LAOs Internet site at www.lao.ca.gov. The LAO is located at 925 L Street, Suite 1000, Sacramento, CA 95814. This report was prepared by Brian Brown, Edgar Cabral, and Paul Chapter 1: Introduction In recent years, the Legislature and Governor have con sidered and enacted numerous laws to respond to the publics concerns with crime and the criminal justice system in Cali fornia. The measures included stiffening penalties for exist ing criminal offenses, providing treatment for drug offenders, defining new criminal offenses, constructing new correction al facilities, providing financial assistance to law enforcement, and reorganizing the state corrections system. In an effort to put the current discussion of crime in Cali fornia in perspective, we have prepared this report to answer several key questions, including: How much crime is there in California? How has the level of crime changed over time? How does crime vary within California, and among the states? Who are the victims and perpetrators of crime? How does the California criminal justice systemlocal law enforcement, courts, and correctional agencies deal with adult and juvenile offenders? What are the characteristics of adult and juveniles under the supervision of local and state correctional agencies? What are the costs of crime and the criminal justice system? What are the key criminal justice issues for policymak ers today? Californias Criminal Justice System: A Primer 4 Although this report is not designed to present compre hensive answers to all of these questions, it does provide ba sic information on these issues. It does this through a quick reference document that relies heavily on charts to present the information. This report relies on the most recent data available from several federal and state agencies, including the U.S. Department of Justice (U.S. DOJ), the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the California Department of Correc...
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cj_primer_013107 - Elizabeth G. Hill Legislative Analysts...

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