Mardu_Aborigines_1 (1)

Mardu_Aborigines_1 (1) - Anthropology 146-Culture Conflict...

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Reading Guide: The Mardu Aborigines Questions: Introduction, Chapter 2 1. What kinds of diversity do we see among the Aborigines? Geographic, linguistic, cultural, family, kinship, religious and so on 2. Where do the Mardu Aborigines live? 3. What environmental challenges do they face in “getting a living”? 4. How have they adapted socially to those challenges? That is, what kinds of social groupings have helped them survive? 5. How do they relate to Nature? 6. How to they manage natural resources? Chapter 7: Europeans and the Mardu Response: 1900-1990 1. What was the result of initial contact between the Mardu and white settlers? 2. How were Mardu drawn into the Jigalong mission? 3. What does “Whitefella” mean? 4. What kinds of changes did Jigalong mean to the Mardu? (economy, ritual, the Law, social customs, etc.)? In just a few decades, Aboriginal people living near Australia's Western Desert fringe have experienced an extraordinarily intense trajectory of change: from a highly autonomous nomadic existence through 'first contacts', the pastoral and mission frontiers the devastating impacts of alcohol and of Western lifestyle diseases the outstation movement, resource exploration and mining, a long but largely successful struggle for native title, and much else. The situation among the Mardu is here linked to the gulf between government policies and lived Aboriginal experience. If the self-management thrust of 1970s
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policies achieved partial restoration of Aboriginal autonomy, recent Federal Government policies are intent on intervention to reduce difference and claw back some of that autonomy. Their determination to force Aboriginal people out of their 'dysfunctional' 'cultural museums' (homeland settlements) and into greater economic engagement ignores the crucial underpinnings of security and identity among remote Aborigines. The retention of difference, albeit at considerable social cost and entrenched disadvantage, is still strongly preferred
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Mardu_Aborigines_1 (1) - Anthropology 146-Culture Conflict...

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