Northeast - Northeastern Indians [slide 1] Note...

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Northeastern Indians [slide 1] Note introductory metaphor--Native group with greatest early impact of direct frontier colonization. Viewed with high need for distortion and political justification, and misunderstanding (Woodland horticultural stewardship as opposed to European peasant model of grain agriculture). [Slides 2, 3, 4, 5] Distribution-- [Slide 6] Algonkian speakers: Maritimes-- Abanaki, Passomaquoddy, Penobscot, Massachusett, Wampanoag, Narragansett, Pequot, Mahican, Delaware, Susquehannock, Shawnee? Canadian shield--Cree, Ottowa, Ojibwa/Chippewa [slide 7] Iroquois (Macro-Siouian, closest relative Cherokee)
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League: Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, Mohawk Non-League: Huron/Wyandot, Tionontati, Erie, Susquehannock, Conestoga Prehistoric Trends Subsistence Initially hunters (first of large game, such as caribou and sea mammals--shift in late Archaic (3000-700 BC)--refocus of hickory, deer, fish that ran annually, sea fish. Shifted to Pottery, tobacco and onion cultivation by 700 BC. Late Woodland, diversification of ranges,
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Northeast - Northeastern Indians [slide 1] Note...

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