California(4-7) - 5/11/10 California Politics and...

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5/11/10 1 California Politics and Government Chapters 4-7 Gerston and Christensen Interest Groups Legislature Courts Executive Branch PEOPLES AND HISTORY Indian tribes devasted, demolished by Spanish California within Spanish colony, 1521 Mexico gains independence from Spain, 1821 U.S. gains Mexican states through Mexican/American War 1846-1848 California becomes state of U.S.1850 Territories (1848)
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5/11/10 2 Economy If CA independent country, 10 th largest economy in world Begins Gold Rush 1848 (Northern CA, Sierras) Agriculture (today 5 th largest supplier in world) (railroad industry) Movie industry (southern CA) Defense and aerospace industry (southern CA since WWII) High tech industries (northern) Politics Southern Pacific Railroad Progressives reform agenda of direct democracy; initiative, recall, referendum Workingmen’s Party (white working class blames Chinese) Republican Party dominate(20 th c.) Identification political parties declined Interest groups politics dominates Legacy of progressivism Direct Democracy Initiative (legislation proposed by any citizen that is circulated through a petition phase to qualify for the ballot) Referendum (petition from citizens to seek an election to put legislation that has passed the executive and legislature up to a vote of the citizenry. The referendum provides a form of citizen veto for legislation. Recall (remove elected official from office)
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5/11/10 3 Voters and political participation Nationally, turnout declined 50-65% presidential elections, 40-50% off
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2010 for the course AAS 33B at San Jose State University .

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California(4-7) - 5/11/10 California Politics and...

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