STDs_STIs - Trade, tourism, migration Folk beliefs, lack of...

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STD’s/STI’s Biological v. cultural issues U.S. infection rates STD’s relationship to sex Infectious diseases -- caused by pathogens bacteria: live on cells viruses: live in cells Main Types by cause bacterial: chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis viral: herpes, genital warts (HPV), Hepatitis B, HIV
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STD’s/STI’s, cont. How infected body surfaces direct contact, especially mucous membranes exchange of body fluids into bloodstream Exposure leads to infection causes immune response incubation period: period between infection and symptoms
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Cross Cultural Factors 2009: 33.4 million people living with HIV/AIDS, 2 million children* 2.7 mil. new infections 2008, 2 million people die from AIDS each year* ART (antiretroviral) drugs extend life Factors of infection Cultures of prostitution, brothels
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Unformatted text preview: Trade, tourism, migration Folk beliefs, lack of education Poverty, lack of access to care Powerlessness gender issues Risk/Prevention Ignorance about sex, about STDs Unsafe sex acts / ABC campaign Abstinence, Be faithful, Condoms Concurrency v. serial monogamy Alcohol, drugs, injecting Poor health, high stress Self-deception, denial Partner issues: unknown, multiple, poor relationship Lack of communication Unhygienic transfusions Cultural Barriers to Safe(r) Sex Individualism, narcissism Cult of romantic love Sex for pleasure only American sexual scripts, folk theories of sex masculinity/femininity double standard power differences Anonymity of modern life Commercial sex Eroticizing danger...
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2010 for the course ANTH 140 at San Jose State University .

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STDs_STIs - Trade, tourism, migration Folk beliefs, lack of...

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