Reader_Lecture_25 - Pope Leo X, Exsurge Domine (1520,...

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Pope Leo X, Exsurge Domine (1520, Excerpts) Electronic Copyright © 1999 EWTN, All Rights Reserved, Provided Courtesy of Eternal Word Television Network Pope Leo X (pope, 1513-21) had issued a jubilee indulgence in 1517 to finance the construction of St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome. The Pope’s promotion of the sale of indulgences added to Luther’s distress over their sale— something Luther viewed as guaranteeing eternal damnation for people who relied on buying pieces of paper to assure their salvation—and resulted in Luther issuing his Ninety-Five Theses, detailing the abuses in the sale of indulgences. Leo initially dismissed Luther. The latter continued to criticize the sale of indulgences, the popes, and councils an declared, in his Address to the Nobility of the German Nation (1520), “Farewell, unhappy, hopeless, blasphemous Rome! The wrath of God has come upon you, as you deserve. We have cared for Babylon, and she is not healed: let us, then, leave her that she may be the habitation of dragons, spectres, and witches.” Luther then issued three pamphlets that seemingly distanced Luther from the teachings of the Catholic church: Address to the Nobility of the German Nation, The Babylonian Captivity of the Church, and On the Freedom of a Christian. In 1520, Leo responded to Luther and issued the bull, Exsurge Domine. The bull censured forty-one statements deemed “heretical, scandalous, erroneous offensive to pious ears, misleading to simple minds, and contrary to Catholic teaching,” and gives Martin Luther sixty days to recant or face being excommunicated. The bull’s contents indicate that Rome did not understand Luther teachings. –J. Tanaka, Jan. 2007 rise, O Lord, and judge your own cause. . . . Rise, Peter, and fulfill this pastoral office divinely entrusted to you as mentioned above. Give heed to the cause of the holy Roman Church, mother of all churches and teacher of the faith. . . . We beseech you also, Paul, to arise. It was you that enlightened and illuminated the Church by your doctrine. . . . Finally, let the whole church of the saints and the rest of the universal church arise. . . . Let all this holy Church of God, I say, arise, and with the blessed apostles intercede with almighty God to purge the errors of His sheep, to banish all heresies from the lands of the faithful, and be pleased to maintain the peace and unity of His holy Church. . . . A For some time by the report of reliable men and general rumor; alas, we have even seen with our eyes and read the many diverse errors. Some of these have already been condemned by councils and the constitutions of our predecessors. . . . These errors have, at the suggestion of the human race, been revived and recently propagated among the more frivolous and the illustrious German nation. . . . In virtue of our pastoral office committed to us by the divine favor we can under no circumstances tolerate or overlook any longer the pernicious poison of the above errors without disgrace to the Christian
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2010 for the course HUM 2B at San Jose State University .

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Reader_Lecture_25 - Pope Leo X, Exsurge Domine (1520,...

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