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Unformatted text preview: CH, 16 STANDARDIZING THE NATION: INNOVATIONS IN TECHNOLOGY< BUSINESS< AND CULTURE, 1877-1890 INDUSTRIALIZATION, URBANIZATION, AND CAPITALISM FYI: Transportation, transportation, transportationRAILROAD PROGRESS 1. New systems and machines and their price American system of manufacturingmass production Alexander Bellthe invention of the telephone (1876) Thomas Alva Edisonphonograph (1877) and electric light (1879) Cash registers, stock tickers, and typewritersAmerican businesses Railroad cars (beginning 1880s)steamed heat and lights for passengers Bessmer Process (1890)90% of American Steel made by this process, injecting air Into molten iron to yield steel New technology processes helped manufacturing and marketing of food and other Consumer items. Agriculture technologyimproved machinery 2. Immigrants Mid- 19thcenturyBritish Isles and Western EuropeGermany, Scandinavia, England, and Ireland 1880-1890Italians, Russians, and Poles (peaked between 1890-...
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2010 for the course AAS 33B at San Jose State University .