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HW1_S10 - 2 Describe the term “port” as used in...

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CmpE 102 – HW#1 (Fall 2010) – due Monday 2/22 1. Define firmware. 2. Contrast the features of a debugger and emulator. 3. List the common installed software on a PC for firmware development. 4. Showing all your steps, perform the following number conversions: a. C0E unsigned hexidecimal ? decimal b. C0E signed hexidecimal ? decimal c. 8742 unsigned decimal ? binary d. 8742 signed decimal ? binary e. 46.89 unsigned decimal ? binary 5. What is the hexadecimal representation of the ASCII string “The final result is:” ? 6. What are the largest positive and negative decimal values you can represent using a 32-bit binary number? Chapter 2 Problems 1. Describe the 3-Bus Concept associated with microprocessor system architectures.
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Unformatted text preview: 2. Describe the term “port” as used in microprocessor system architectures. 3. A clock cycle for a specific motherboard CPU is 500 picoseconds. What is the frequency of the crystal oscillator used on the board? 4. Relate the term “superscalar” to the Pentium architecture. 5. Describe Levels 1, 2, 3 and 4 cache memory related to processor architecture. 6. Describe the term “context switching” in a preemptive multitasking OS environment. 7. Show the memory map associated with Real-Address Mode in an IA-32 Processor Architecture. 8. In the motherboard chipset, what tasks are performed by the 8237A and 8259A peripheral devices? 9. What characteristics distinguish BIOS-level input/output?...
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