GHOSTDN - Ghost Dance I. Precursors 1. Tovusi-dokado...

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Ghost Dance I. Precursors 1. Tovusi-dokado Paiute. 1860s series of disastrous epidemics, Movement 1869--Wodziwob--sees vision of round dance preceding return of the dead. Later (1872) envisions owl and says all an illusion. 2. 1870s series of ghost dances in California as part of religious renewal 3. 1860 Smohalla (a Wanapum Indian from the upper Columbia in Eastern Washington)-sees nativistic vision to stop farming and reject Euro-american ways (note: preaching done in Euro-am style) II. Wovoka (Jack Wilson--so named after his families Euro-am ranching patron) [c. 1860-1932] 1. Vision: Young son of weather shaman, falls into trance during an eclipse and see a vision in 1889. 2. Tenets: a. resurrection of dead (at least life in beautiful land not to be mourned) b. renewal of the earth c. peace d. trance and inspired vision, weather control and invulnerability (for him) 3. Spread: a. Mechanism: Spread by word of mouth of travels to villages converted by vision, brought home. Usually followed up by elders sending "fact finding" envoys to Nevada. May or may not be
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GHOSTDN - Ghost Dance I. Precursors 1. Tovusi-dokado...

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