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132+Metaethical+Views+f09[1]

132+Metaethical+Views+f09[1] - Metaethical Views...

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Metaethical Views Ontology Epistemology Semantics Cognitivism: Moral Realism (Plato, Kant, Ross Shafer- Landau) There are moral facts and they are not reducible to natural facts, though “the non-moral features of a situation fix its moral status”. (SL, MR 77) (nonnaturalism, supervenience) Recollection of Forms (Plato) Transcendental deduction (Kant) Directly apprehended (Ross) Discoverable a priori (S-L) “A is morally wrong” means “It is true that A is morally wrong”. (Correspondence theory of truth.) Kant: “A is morally wrong” means “A is incompatible with the categorical imperative”. Moral Realism - Ideal Observer (Smith) Moral facts are reducible to facts about what we would desire, if we were in idealized conditions of reflection: well- informed, cool, calm and collected. Thought experiment, ordinary ways of knowing. “A is morally wrong” means “A is incompatible with the moral reasons we would have in ideal condition of reflection”.
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