Southeast - Historic Southeastern Indians I. Prehistoric...

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Historic Southeastern Indians I. Prehistoric Cultures: A. Adena: (1st Millennium BC) Centered in Ohio, based on local cultigens of squash, gourds, sunflower seeds, chenopods, sumpweed, amaranth plus gathering of hickory and hunting/fishing Note extensive trade network copper from Lake Superior, (for spool-ring earrings?) conch shell from the Atlantic Hopewell (100 BC?- AD 450) Enter the riverine cultivation of maize, integration of networks of villages under chief whose status is reinforced by status symbols derived from hawks, bears, stags, snakes--expressed in rare materials such as sheets of mica and copper. Note the use of obsidian from expedition to Yellowstone Note implication of shift in population and implication for the development of the state--chiefdom as stratified precursor to state and significantly different than a ranked mid-level society Note the significance of concept --full-time specialist--control of labor and social support By AD 450 enter a cooler phase not as amenable to maize production
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2010 for the course ANTH 175 at San Jose State University .

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Southeast - Historic Southeastern Indians I. Prehistoric...

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