Nurs212oct1806Graduate_Curicula_in_Nursing

Nurs212oct1806Graduate_Curicula_in_Nursing - Graduate...

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    Graduate Curricula in Nursing NURS 212 October 18, 2006 Phyllis M. Connolly PhD, APRN-BC,  CNS Professor, School of Nursing
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    Nursing’s responsibility is  awesome—in patient care  and also in creating a new  society (Nyberg, 1998, p.  209)
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    “To be active participants in shaping the  health care system, nurses must learn  new skills Alderman (2001, p. 50)
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    Questions to Consider What role does history play in graduate  nursing education? What are the major differences between  the undergraduate, graduate and  doctoral curricula? What are the significant internal and  external factors affecting the  development of graduate nursing  programs? What are some outcome measures of  graduate nursing education?
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    Critical Elements Affecting  Graduate Nursing Education History Role of women in  society Societal needs War Military Industrialization Technology Immigration Legislation Nurse Practice Acts Medicare National Policy Third-party  reimbursement Inter and Intra  Professional  Organization Standards Certification
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    Initial Graduate Education 1920s Case Western Reserve 1923 Yale University (Gold Mark Report  Education Administration World War II 1945 to 1970s Nurse educators Administrators Clinical nurse specialist Nurse practitioners
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    History of Advanced Practice  Nurses: Nurse Anesthetist Nurse anesthesia mid 1800s Today CRNA Sister Mary Bernard, St. Vincent’s Hospital in Erie,  PA 1877; formed a network of hospitals “Mayo Clinic”  Alice Magaw by 1906 over 14,000 surgical cases—no  deaths. Specialized field require education and  moved away from nursing administrative structures. Greatly influenced by American military and major  wars 1945 AANA initiated certification program 1999 28,000 CRNA in US 1973 University of Hawaii, first master’s degree  program, nurse anesthetist 
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    Clinical Nurse Specialist Responding to improving quality of  nursing care Directors of Graduate programs  responded 1954 1 st  CNS, Dr. Peplau 1954, Rutgers Influenced by National Mental Health  Act 1946, psychiatric nursing a core  discipline Funding
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    Nurse Practitioners 1971 Idaho 1 st  state to authorize the  expanded role controlled by Board of  Nursing and Medicine Controversy over prescriptive authority Loretta Ford, 1965, Colorado 1 st   Pediatric NP program, certificate; 4  months intensive then 20 months  training and practice 1990 over 135 masters programs; 40  certificate 1998 over 750 masters and 12 
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    Nursing Education  Baccalaureate         Doctorate
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Nurs212oct1806Graduate_Curicula_in_Nursing - Graduate...

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