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diseases - Tobacco and heart disease

diseases - Tobacco and heart disease - properly 95 of all...

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Tobacco and heart disease Smoking is the single most significant risk factor for CV disease and peripheral vascular disease. Each year smoking causes 250k + deaths from cardiovascular disease. Active vs. passive smoking. How smoking damages the heart: 1. Nicotine over stimulates the heart. 2. Carbon monoxide reduces the oxygen supply to the heart. 3. Tars and other smoke residues increase the risk of cholesterol build up in the arteries. 4. Smoking increases blood clotting. 5. Causes irreversible damage to arteries. Types of Diabetes Mellitus 1. Type 1 Diabetes The pancreas is not producing insulin and the patient requires regular insulin injections. Only 5% of all diabetes. Viral and genetic causes. 2. type 2 the body is producing some insulin but is not responding to it
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Unformatted text preview: properly. 95% of all diabetcs are over age 20. Causes= excess body fat, inactivity and genetics. • Roles of Insulin: 1. Insulin: a hormone essential for processing glucose in the body. It is produced within the pancreas. Role #1: to move glucose from the blood to the cells of the body where it is used for energy. Role #2: to convert excess glucose to glycogen, stored as an energy reserve in the liver and muscles. • Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes; o Type 1 Diabetes: Sudden and dramatic onset of symptoms such as: Fatigue, abnormal hunger and thirst, frequent urination, and weight loss. Life threatening complications include diabetic coma and insulin reaction. -Type 2 diabetes:-Onset of symptoms are more gradual....
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