overview - Definitions Cognition(People Think cognito ="to...

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Definitions: Cognition : (People Think) cognito = "to know" co = "together" gnoscere = "know" The collection of mental processes and activities used in perceiving, learning, remembering, thinking, understanding, and the act of using those processes. The study of how people perceive, learn, remember, and think about information. Sternberg uses “the study of intelligence” as an umbrella under which to consider cognitive psychological phenomena Memory : The mental processes of acquiring and retaining information for later retrieval, and the mental storage system in which these processes operate. How do ideas evolve? The model of THESIS and ANTITHESIS (followed by SYNTHESIS) [George Hegel] Thesis: a statement of belief Antithesis: statement that counters a prior thesis/belief Synthesis: integration of the credible features of each approach/belief 1. Mental Processes Exist o Why say this? History of Behaviorism (struggle in the mid-50s in proving that thought and mental processes could be subject to scientific empirical research) 2. Firm Commitment to Objective Observational Methods o Why say this? History of Introspection 3. Information Processing Approach o Why say this? This metatheory (overall approach) captures the philosophy of Cognitive Psycholog History of the Cognitive Approach: The history of what we now call cognitive psychology is largely the history of whether or not we can infer the existence what we cannot directly measure with additional flavoring by the ‘current’ view of knowledge. Rationalism vs. Empiricism Rationalism Empiricism
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Phenomena can be understood through careful thought and logical proof reason is the best route to knowledge logical deduction Knowledge comes from intellectual effort (logical proof derived from the basic 'fact' of thought - Descartes) Phenomena are to be investigated by careful objective observation Methodological Prescription: rely on observation & measurement Logic "Straight from the horses mouth" Rationalism led to Descartes (1596-1650) "Cogito, ergo sum" [I think, therefor I am] Aristotle ’s (384-322 BC) Empiricism led to John Locke’s (1632-1704) "tabula rosa" [blank slate] view of human experience Immanuel Kant brought Descarte and Locke’s views together in arguing that both must function
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overview - Definitions Cognition(People Think cognito ="to...

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