Jones2007Personalitydisbeliefs25528831 - 247 British...

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247 British Journal of Clinical Psychology (2007). 46, 247-251 © 2007 The British Psychological Society Relationships between the personality beliefs questionnaire and self-rated personality disorders Steven H. Jones'"^*, Gerrard Burrell-Hodgson^ and Graham Tate^ 'School of Psychological Sciences, University of Manchester, UK ^Clinical Psychology Direct Ltd, Hebden Bridge, UK ^Pennine Care Trust, UK Objectives. To examine relationships between specific dysfunctional beliefs and self- reported personality disorder types. Design. Cross-sectional. Method. One hundred and sixty-four clinical psychology out-patients completed the Personality Beliefs Questionnaire (PBQ) and Millon Multiaxial Clinical Inventory-Ill (MCMI-III): 155 completed both. Avoidant, dependent, passive-aggressive and schizoid PDs, and relevant PBQ subscales v\rere studied. Resuits. Presence or absence of PD was predicted by scores on the index PBQ subscale. Conciusions. This pattern has previously been reported for PDs diagnosed by structured interview only. PBQ relationships with passive-aggressive and schizoid PD have not previously been reported. Dysfunctional beliefs appear to be a core cognitive feature of personality disorder (PD; specific cognitive styles in PD (Beck et al, self-report measures to compliment interview-based belief assessments (Beck et al, 2001). Beck, et al (1990) enumerated dysfunctional beliefs associated with particular PDs, leading to the development of the Personality Beliefs Questionnaire (PBQ) which assesses dysfunctional beliefs for nine PDs. Beck et al established PBQ's reliability and validity in patients assessed on the Structured Clinical Interview for Personality obsessive-compulsive, narcissistic, or paranoid PD participants scored highest on the relevant PBQ subscale for their disorder, except for paranoid PD where narcissistic PBQ score was equally high. Butler, Brown, Beck, and Grisham (2002) identified PBQ items * Correspondence should be addressed to Dr Steven H. Jones, School of Psychological Sciences, Division ofQinical Psychology, University of Manchester, 2nd Floor Zochonis Building, Burnswick Street, Manchester Ml3 9PL, UK (e-mail: DOI: 10.1348/014466506X164791
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248 Steven H. Jones et al. which reliably differentiated borderline PD from individuals with other PDs. Thus, PBQ performs well in characterizing dysfunctional beliefs in individuals selected using SCID. Dreessen and Arntz's (1995) measure, the Personality Disorder Belief Questionnaire (PDBQ) reliably differentiated borderline PD patients from anxious, fearful PD, and controls. Arntz also reported that avoidant, dependent, obsessive-compulsive, paranoid, histrionic, and borderline PD participants had specific PDBQ beliefs (Arntz, Dreessen,
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Jones2007Personalitydisbeliefs25528831 - 247 British...

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