Chap6-SocialStructureTheory

Chap6-SocialStructureTheory - Strain Theories General...

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    Chapter 6 Social Structure Theory: Because They’re Poor
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    Economic Structure and Crime
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    Social Structural Theories: Social Disorganization Theory Shaw and McKay – Transitional neighborhoods and Concentric Zones Social Ecology School Community Disorder Community Fear Siege Mentality Community Change Poverty Concentration Collective Efficacy Informal Social Control Institutional Social Control Public Social Control
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    Social Structural Theories: Strain Theories
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    Social Structural Theories: Strain Theories Institutional Anomie Theory Messner and Rosenfeld – ‘Crime and the American Dream’ Updates Merton, saying American culture places an extreme emphasis on economic success over any other sort of accomplishment. Relative Deprivation Theory Those who perceive themselves as economically disadvantaged compared to those they know or society in general form negative self-feelings and hostility.
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    Social Structural Theories:
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Unformatted text preview: Strain Theories General Strain Theory (GST) Robert Agnew looks at the individual-level influences of strain. Crime results from negative affective states anger and frustration emerging from destructive social relationships. Failure to achieve positively valued goals Disjunction of expectations and achievements Removal of positively valued stimuli Presentation of negative stimuli Social Structural Theories: Cultural Deviance Theory Focal Concern Theory Trouble, Toughness, Smartness, Excitement, Fate, Autonomy Theory of Delinquent Subcultures Cohen corner boy, college boy, and delinquent boy Theory of Differential Opportunity Cloward and Ohlin, building on Merton, recognize that the opportunities for success are limited in unconventional approaches to success as well as conventional. Criminal gangs, conflict gangs, and retreatist gangs....
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Chap6-SocialStructureTheory - Strain Theories General...

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