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Study guide for Sports Violence PPTIn sports, a game between two opposing teams consists of each side's efforts to grab control of – what? emotional energy?What are the three types of emotional dynamics that make up the backdrop for outbursts of sports violence?1)collective effervescence in buildups of dramatic tension in the audience2)the degree of emotional resonance within a team, EE contests between 3)opponenets. What are the 3 categories, into which Collins has divided all sports?1)Staged combats, in which there are both offensive and defensive situations2)Parallel contests, in which competitors strive to outdo each other toward a goal3)Skill exhibitions, in which competitors win by impressing a panel of judgesPlayer violence is most frequent in offensive/defensivecompetitions between teams, although the violence is usually between individuals.Penaltiesare ways of making violence possible. Penalties allow for a form of protected violence – violence that is kept within bounds that are understood by everyone involved.