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Running head: MEDIEVAL AND ENLIGHTENMENT HISTORICAL ERA ANALYSISHistorical Era Analysis: Medieval and Enlightenment Amanda J. PriceEDUC 703Liberty University2020
MEDIEVAL AND ENLIGHTENMENT HISTORICAL ERA ANALYSIS2AbstractThe Medieval and Enlightenment Eras, molded by the events of their time, both provide innovative and practical philosophies that can be found in American Educational Institutions today. Philosophers during the Medieval Era, also known as the “Middle Ages”, incorporated Christian theology throughout their educational philosophies and teaching practices. The goal of Medieval philosophers was to acknowledge the truths from the Bible as interpreted by theologians rather than relying on Roman Catholic traditions. The Enlightenment Era, however, began to challenge the church and began seeking truth in science. Also known as “The Age of Reason”, this Era populated many new ideas which challenged the church and tradition. In the era of Enlightenment, educational thinkers prefer the educational system rationalized. Each philosopher believed to be the educated elite responsible for reconstructing social, political and economic institutions in order to create a progressive society (Gutek, 2011). In light of a Biblical Worldview, the Medieval Era centered their philosophies around Christianity and building up theKingdom of God. The Enlightenment Era provides a view in that science provides truth and knowledge.Keywords: Medieval, Enlightenment, education, Christianity
MEDIEVAL AND ENLIGHTENMENT HISTORICAL ERA ANALYSIS3Historical Era Analysis: Medieval and Enlightenment ErasThe Medieval Era introduces philosophies created as a result of the fall of the Roman Empire. Christian theology combined with a variety of philosophies resulted in essential ideas about education and learning. However, the Enlightenment Era rejected the Bible as the ultimate source of truth and looked to science for truth and knowledge. The philosophers of this time fought to liberate education from the church and redefine social order and educational access. This paper seeks to present the prominent philosophies that developed through the Medieval and Enlightenment Eras and test them against a Biblical worldview. Historical Era: MedievalThe Middle Ages, also known as the Medieval Ages, is the period of time between the fall of the Roman Empire and the onset of the Renaissance (Gutek, 2011). Gutek (2011) found importance in the thoughts, philosophies, and contributions to education of the Middle Age philosophers including: Thomas Aquinas, Desiderius Erasmus, John Calvin, and Johann Comenius. Their philosophical pursuits led to a deeper study of Biblical truth and the establishment of a schoolingsystem. During the Medieval Era, these men were considered both theologians and philosophers, and their work still influences the field of education today. Aquinas proposed that education should help humans in the process of obtaining the vision of God. He succeeded in merging

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